By Michael Ignatieff
Subtitled "The prison within the commercial Revolution 1750-1850", "A simply degree of discomfort" describes the instant in 18th century England whilst the trendy penal complex and its ambiguous legacy have been born. In depicting how the whip, the emblem and the gallows - public punishments as soon as intended to cow the unruly negative into passivity - got here to get replaced through the "moral administration" of the criminal and the inspiration that the legal negative might be taken with their very own rehabilitation. Michael Ignatieff files the increase of a brand new perception of sophistication kin and with it a brand new philosophy of punishment, one directed now not on the physique yet on the brain. "A simply degree of discomfort" is a hugely atmospheric and compellingly written paintings of social historical past, which has already turn into a vintage examine of its topic. For the Penguin version the writer will offer an afterword about the polemics which the book's first ebook in 1978.
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Extra resources for A Just Measure of Pain: The Penitentiary in the Industrial Revolution, 1750–1850
As a practice, garnish appears to have been tacitly sanctioned by the justices and to have survived three generations of tenacious attempts to root it out. Astonished prison inspectors came upon the practice in the common jail of Yarmouth in 1835. They found the following notice tacked up on the wall of one of the yards: The rules of this Room. for every man that come in to pay 3 d. for Cols sticks and candels. When you first Com in Tow, Men to Cleo this Room and the Youngest Prisoner to do any thing that is arsk.
He was unable to suppress vagrancy in London because corrupt and inefficient parish constables and beadles had little incentive to bring the ragged people before the bench. 54 At Fielding's urging, Parliament empowered magistrates in 1752 to reward constables for vagrancy arrests. 56 As for other petty offenders subjected to summary justice, there is evidence, again of a fragmentary sort, to suggest that the strategy of English justice was still to ignore the small fry and concentrate instead on the highly publicized dispatch of major offenders.
80 Yet if the physical distance between the two worlds was often maintained only by a low, rickety wall, the administrative distance was much greater. The authority of the keeper was exercised largely without supervision or scrutiny from the outside. While the two worlds were bound in symbiotic dependence over matters of diet and sexual commerce, the prison, in matters of power and finance, was a state within a state. Nominally at least, the prison was supposed to be supervised by three outside authorities-the sheriff, the magistrate, and the grand jury.
A Just Measure of Pain: The Penitentiary in the Industrial Revolution, 1750–1850 by Michael Ignatieff