New PDF release: Access to History. From Autocracy to Communism: Russia

By Michael Lynch

The Access to History sequence is the most well-liked and depended on sequence for AS- and A-level heritage scholars. the hot variants mix the entire strengths of this well-loved sequence with a brand new layout and lines that permit all scholars entry to the content material and research abilities had to in attaining examination good fortune. This name attracts on content material from the bestselling titles Reaction and Revolution: Russia, 1894-1924 and Bolshevik and Stalinist Russia, 1918-56. it's been thoroughly revised and up-to-date to compare the 2008 OCR AS specification and is now excited by the interval from 1894 to 1941. It starts off with the location in Russia less than Tsar Nicholas II after which is going directly to research the factors and results of the 1905 and 1917 revolutions, the Bolshevik fight to achieve energy, and the eventual upward thrust of Stalin. The political, monetary, and social advancements via this era and the results of those are explored and analyzed all through. during the booklet key dates, phrases, and matters are highlighted, and ancient interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are integrated to consolidate wisdom and knowing of the interval, and exam-style questions and tips written via an examiner for the OCR specification give you the chance to advance examination abilities.

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Example text

The period after 1905, including the 1905 Revolution, may be discussed by way of establishing reference points, but it is important that your answer focuses on the problems before 1905 and analyses Nicholas’s successes and failures in addressing them. To gain the highest marks, you need to determine a hierarchy of successes and failures in relation to the problems, and present a balanced assessment. Points that you might consider are: • political and imperial problems – how much success did Nicholas achieve?

Return to St Petersburg Yet by the end of 1905, Gapon had returned to St Petersburg, declaring that he no longer believed in revolution and that he wished to help the government track down its enemies. This may have been a ruse; perhaps he intended to infiltrate government circles as an SD spy. His exact intentions will never be known. The only hard fact is that in March 1906 he was murdered, apparently by Okhrana agents, though even this is unclear. Gapon’s significance Modern historians tend to agree that Gapon was naïve politically and became involved in events he never fully grasped.

The understanding which he developed with the Octobrists, the largest party in the third duma (see page 47), allowed him to pursue his reforms with little obstruction from the other deputies. His success here hinted at how much co-operation might have developed between government and progressive opinion had the tsarist regime been willing to trust its own ministers. 1900. The land was divided into small, individually cultivated sections. The weakness of the system was that the lack of space and closeness to other strips prevented the farmer from being efficient; he could not protect or improve his crops and livestock or expand his output.

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Access to History. From Autocracy to Communism: Russia 1894-1941 by Michael Lynch

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