By Paul A. Rahe
Glossy republicanism - uncommon from its classical counterpart by way of its advertisement personality and jealous mistrust of these in strength, by means of its use of consultant associations, and through its employment of a separation of powers and a procedure of exams and balances - owes a huge debt to the republican scan performed in England among 1649, while Charles i used to be done, and 1660, whilst Charles II was once topped. notwithstanding abortive, this test left a legacy within the political technology articulated either by way of its champions, John Milton, Marchamont Nehdham, and James Harrington, and via its someday opponent and supreme supporter Thomas Hobbes. This quantity examines those 4 thinkers, situates them with reference to the unconventional species of republicanism first championed greater than a century prior to through Niccolo Machiavelli, and examines the debt that he and so they owed the Epicurean culture in philosophy and the political technology crafted through the Arab philosophers Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Averroes.
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Extra resources for Against Throne and Altar: Machiavelli and Political Theory Under the English Republic
This is evident enough from the manner in which it is consistently coupled with and distinguished from the individual, the church, and society. In this connection, one would do well to ponder Nietzsche’s observation that “State is the name of the coldest of all the cold monsters. ’” As Nietzsche goes on to suggest, it is “a Faith and a Love,” not the State, that constitute a People. See Friedrich Nietzsche, Also Sprach ¨ ¨ Zarathustra 1, “Vom neuen Gotzen,” in Werke in Drei Bande, ed. Karl Schlecta (Munich: Carl Hanser Verlag, 1966), II 313.
47 There is reason to suppose that by the time he began writing his two main political works, Machiavelli had also read that other great source of Epicurean lore, the tenth book of Diogenes Laertius’ Lives of the Eminent Philosophers. The manuscript of the lives arrived in Florence from Constantinople in 1416.
For the locus classicus, see Machiavelli, Il principe 1, in Opere, 258. In this connection, see Wolfgang Mager, “Republik,” in Geschichtliche Grundbegriffe: Historisches Lexikon zur politisch-sozialen Sprache in Deutschland, ed. Otto Brunner, Werner Conze, and Reinhardt Koselleck (Stuttgart: E. Klett, 1972–97), V 549–651; Hankins, “De Republica: Civic Humanism in Renaissance Milan (and Other Renaissance Signories),” 488–99; and David Wootton, “The True Origins of Republicanism, or de vera respublica,” in Il repubblicanesimo moderno.
Against Throne and Altar: Machiavelli and Political Theory Under the English Republic by Paul A. Rahe