Download e-book for iPad: Applied Physiology in Intensive Care Medicine by Laurent Brochard (auth.), Göran Hedenstierna, Jordi Mancebo,

By Laurent Brochard (auth.), Göran Hedenstierna, Jordi Mancebo, Laurent Brochard, Michael R. Pinsky (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3642017681

ISBN-13: 9783642017681

This moment, revised version of utilized body structure in extensive Care drugs goals to assist conquer the basic unevenness in clinicians’ realizing of utilized body structure, which may end up in suboptimal therapy judgements. it really is divided into 3 sections. the 1st includes a sequence of "physiological notes" that concisely and obviously trap the essence of the physiological views underpinning our figuring out of ailment and reaction to treatment. the second one part comprises extra distinct linked stories on size suggestions and physiological procedures, whereas the 3rd presents a few seminal reports on different themes in extensive care. This updated compendium of functional bedside wisdom necessary to the powerful supply of acute care medication has been written by means of essentially the most popular specialists within the box. it is going to serve the clinician as a useful reference resource on key matters on a regular basis faced in daily perform.

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Briscoe WA (1959) A method for dealing with data concerning uneven ventilation of the lung and its effects on blood gas transfer. J Appl Physiol 14:291–298 10. King TKC, Briscoe WA (1967) Bohr integral isopleths in the study of blood gas exchange in the lung. J Appl Physiol 22:659–674 11. Kety SS (1951) The theory and applications of the exchange of inert gas at the lungs and tissues. Pharmacol Rev 3:1–41 12. Farhi LE (1967) Elimination of inert gas by the lungs. Respir Physiol 3:1–11 13. Yokoyama T, Farhi LE (1967) The study of ventilation/perfusion ratio distribution in the anesthetized dog by multiple inert gas washout.

Combined with the measurement of arterial PCO2 (PaCO2) it provides a precise quantification of the ratio of Vdphys to Vt. The three phases of a volumetric capnogram are shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2. The combination of airflow and mainstream capnography monitoring allows calculation of breath by breath CO2 production and pulmonary dead space. Therefore, the use of volumetric capnography is clinically more profitable than time-based capnography. Measurement of dead space using CO2 as a tracer gas Bohr originally defined Vd/Vt [2] as: Vd/Vt = (FACO2– FECO2)/FACO2, where FACO2 and FECO2 are fractions of CO2 in alveolar gas and in mixed expired gas, respectively.

Respir Physiol 69:129–147 20. West JB (1969) Ventilation/perfusion inequality and overall gas exchange in computer models of the lung. Respir Physiol 7:88–110 21. Young I, Mazzone RW, Wagner PD (1980) Identification of functional lung unit in the dog by graded vascular embolization. J Appl Physiol Respirat Environ Exercise Physiol 49:132–141 22. Wagner PD, López FA (1984) Gas chromatography techniques in respiratory physiology. In: Otis AB (ed) Techniques in the life sciences. Elsevier Ireland, Co Clare, Ireland, pp 403/1–403/24 Enrico Calzia Peter Radermacher Alveolar ventilation and pulmonary blood flow: the V˙A /Q˙ concept Given a stable cardiac output (CO) and inspiratory oxygen concentration (FIO2), any gas exchange abnormality leading to hypoxia or hypercapnia may be explained solely on the basis of an altered distribution of the venti˙ ) regardless of the underlying lation and perfusion (V˙A/Q disease [1].

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Applied Physiology in Intensive Care Medicine by Laurent Brochard (auth.), Göran Hedenstierna, Jordi Mancebo, Laurent Brochard, Michael R. Pinsky (eds.)


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