By John Cannon
Because the paintings of Butterfield and Namier within the Nineteen Thirties, it has normally been stated that eighteenth-century England appears to be like atomised, left with out total interpretation. next paintings on non secular adjustments and on occasion strife served to enhance identical to a divided society, and within the final ten years historians of the negative and unprivileged have recommended that underneath the skin lurked massive renowned discontent. Professor Cannon makes use of his 1982 Wiles Lecture to supply a special interpretation - that the common attractiveness of aristocratic values and aristocratic management gave a amazing highbrow, political and social coherence to the century. He strains the restoration made through the aristocracy from its decade in 1649 whilst the home of Lords used to be abolished as lifeless and unsafe. After the fantastic Revolution of 1688, the peerage re-established its carry on govt and society. Professor Cannon is compelled to problem the most adored ideals of English historiography - that Hanoverian society, at its most sensible point, was once an open elite, always replenished through energetic recruits from different teams and sessions. He means that, to the contrary, in a few respects the English peerage was once extra particular than a lot of its continental opposite numbers and that the openness was once a fantasy which itself served a effective political function. Of the prospering burgeoisie, he argues that the amazing factor was once no longer their assertiveness yet their lengthy acquiescence in patrician rule, and he poses the anomaly of a rustic more and more ruled by means of a landed aristocracy giving start to the 1st commercial revolution. His ultimate bankruptcy discusses the ideological under-pinning which made aristocratic supremacy applicable for therefore lengthy, and the emergence of these forces and beliefs which have been finally to interchange it.
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Additional resources for Aristocratic Century: The Peerage of Eighteenth-Century England
Dover was the brother of a peer and Herbert the nephew of a peer. Waldegrave had very sensibly married an illegitimate daughter of James II; Der went water's son was married to an illegitimate daughter of Charles II; John Churchill, though he had other claims to fame, had a sister Arabella who had been mistress to James II and was the mother of James, Duke of Berwick. This leaves seven good men and true. Christopher Vane, created Lord Barnard in 1698 was the son of Sir Henry Vane, the famous regicide, of Raby Castle, Durham, and was married to the daughter of the Duke of Newcastle; George Legge, created Lord Dartmouth, had ancestors in the Irish peerage.
26 RECRUITMENT A recent article by Professor McCahill, while accepting that there was no significant change in the social origins of Pitt's peers, draws attention to other aspects which are in danger of being overlooked. 84 First, he pointed out that there was a great increase in the number of Scots and Irish being given peerages and that the effect was to begin creating, for the first time, a unified British peerage. There is certainly much truth in this suggestion, though it came about less as a matter of policy than as the mechanical result of other decisions.
Ogilvie, Latin and Greek: A history of the influence of the classics on English life from 1600 to 1918 (1964). The latter is particularly related to the theme of this chapter, though, in my view, the author was persuaded by reliance on Christopher Hill (which is acknowledged) to predate the political supremacy of the middle classes. This creates some difficulty in explaining why a commercial and financial elite should be wedded to a classical education which seems scarcely appropriate to their needs.
Aristocratic Century: The Peerage of Eighteenth-Century England by John Cannon