By Federal Research Division
Within the final a long time of the 19th century, the Armenians' tendency towards Europeanization antagonized Turkish officers and inspired their view that Armenians have been a international, subversive point within the sultan's realm. through 1890 the swift progress of the Kurdish inhabitants in Anatolia, mixed with the immigration of Muslims from the Balkans and the Caucasus, had made the Armenian inhabitants of Anatolia an more and more endangered minority. In 1895 Ottoman suspicion of the westernized Armenian inhabitants ended in the bloodbath of 300,000 Armenians via distinct order of the Ottoman govt.
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Additional resources for Armenia A Country Study
Opposition newspapers and citizens' groups, which Ter- Petrosian refused to outlaw, continued their accusations of official corruption and their calls for the resignation of the Ter-Petrosian government early in the year. Then, in mid-1994 the opposition accelerated its activity by mounting antigovernment street demonstrations of up to 50,000 protesters. In the protracted struggle over a new constitution, the opposition intensified rhetoric supporting a document built around a strong legislature rather than the strong-executive version supported by Ter-Petrosian.
Beginning in 1991, Ter-Petrosian responded to the twin threats of political chaos and military defeat at the hands of Azerbaijan by accumulating extraordinary executive powers. His chief opposition, a faction that was radically nationalist but held few seats in the fragmented Supreme Soviet, sought to build coalitions to cut the president's power, then to finalize such a move in a constitution calling for a strong legislature. As they had on other legislation, however, the chaotic deliberations of parliament yielded no decision.
During the transition period, the only national legislative body was the Melli-Majlis (National Council), a fifty-member interim assembly that came under the domination of former communists and, by virtue of postponing parliamentary elections indefinitely, continued to retain its power in late 1994. Aliyev promised a new constitution and democratic rule, but he prolonged his dictatorial powers on the pretext of the continuing military emergency. Work on a new constitution was begun in 1992, but the NagornoKarabakh conflict and political turmoil delayed its completion; meanwhile, elements of the 1978 constitution (based on the 1977 constitution of the Soviet Union) remain the highest law of the land, supplemented only by provisions of the 1991 Act of Independence.
Armenia A Country Study by Federal Research Division