By Rachel Baird
Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing threatens the viability of excessive seas dwelling assets. This publication information the efforts of the conference for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine dwelling assets fee and the Australian executive to undertake complementary measures to discourage IUU fishing within the Southern Ocean. It describes how those numerous measures have confirmed potent in deterring IUU operators.
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Extra resources for Aspects of Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing in the Southern Ocean (Reviews: Methods and Technologies in Fish Biology and Fisheries)
The Papal Bull of 1493 endorsed the naval power of Spain and Portugal and their monopoly over vast newly discovered tracts of the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. The Treaty of Tordesillas of 7 June 1494 conﬁrmed the division of the New World between the two States. Through military power and with religious support, Spain and Portugal sought to exert private property rights over the Atlantic and Indian Oceans and to deny access to other States. See also, G. Knight, Managing the Sea’s Living Resources (1997) 14-15.
Compliance Agreement, Article 1 contains the general duty to ensure ﬂag vessels do not engage in any activity that undermines the effectiveness of international and conservation measures. Arts 2-8 contain additional responsibilities. 11. Although the duties outlined in the Code are voluntary, it supports obligations in the Compliance Agreement, LOSC and UNFSA. J. Doulman, ‘A General Overview of some aspects of IUU Fishing’ (paper prepared for OECD Workshop on IUU Fishing) above. During UNCLOS III, coastal and port states sought to create greater authority over tankers whilst in ports, the territorial sea, EEZ or straits.
2. Schmidt, ‘Addressing IUU Fishing (2004) above, 4. Ibid. Ibid. 1999 Report of the UNSG on Oceans and law of the sea, above, paragraph 252. 90 Indeed IUU ﬁshing cannot be regarded in simple terms of undesirable ﬁshing activity. There are many factors driving the persistence of IUU ﬁshing, including the economic beneﬁts to be gained by the operators and owners of the vessels. 6 The Experience of IUU Fishing in the Southern Ocean Whilst RFMOs have generally reported high levels of IUU ﬁshing within their respective area of competence,92 the impact of organised IUU ﬁshing has been felt particularly in the Southern Ocean and within the EEZs located adjacent to a number of sub-Antarctic islands.
Aspects of Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing in the Southern Ocean (Reviews: Methods and Technologies in Fish Biology and Fisheries) by Rachel Baird